A STORY OF PASSING
Leonard "Kip" Rhinelander: May 9, 1903 – February 20, 1936: #German
Was an American socialite and a member of the socially prominent and wealthy New York City #Rhinelanderfamily.
This is such an interesting story!
MARRIAGE, SCANDAL and DIVORCE
Wife: Alice Jones: Who was passing as #Caucasian of #English immigrants was really a biracial #womanofcolor#passing
Her mother was white and her father was of mixed race, considered mulatto in England.
Alice's father tried to separate them. He appealed to Rhinelander to leave his daughter alone. He felt no good would come because of their class differences.
Their 1925 divorce trial highlighted contemporary strains related to the instability of the upper class, as well as racial anxiety about "passing" at a time when New York was a destination for numerous blacks from the South in the Great Migration and immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe. for more [wikipedia]
For a time, Rhinelander stood by his wife during the intense national coverage of their marriage. After two weeks and a threat of disinheritance, he succumbed to his family's demands that he leave Jones and signed an annulment complaint that his father's lawyers had prepared.
The ambiguity about appearances and construction of "race" at the time is demonstrated by the censuses from 1900 to 1930; in most, Alice and members of her family in New Rochelle, New York, were classified as "white." In the 1930 census, in which she was still listed as "Alice Rhinelander," someone later changed her classification to "negro", but her sister next door was still classified as white. In that census only, their father George was classified as "negro." After her final court battle with the Rhinelanders, Alice Jones remained out of the public eye. She died on September 13, 1989 of a heart attack caused by a stroke and hypertension. She was buried in Beechwoods Cemetery in New Rochelle with a gravestone bearing the name "Alice J. Rhinelander." 2 ♡ 0 ✍
Last minute flight cancellation, so looks like I will be staying one more day in San Diego! I know lucky you, come get tattooed I will be accepting walk ins today along with @largedrpeppa and @seanofthedead013 let's get it! #sandiego @lamanchatattooz @ricosandoval_lamancha #call6192657426#tattoo#springvalley#casadeorotattooshop8 ♡ 0 ✍
سلام من تو هفته ٢٥ هستم و الان يكهفته ست كه خيلي خيلي پادرد دارم طوريكه شبها اصلا خواب ندارم ميشه لطفا كساييكه اين علاييم رو داشتن يا دارن از تجربياتشون بهم بگم
. 📝همراهان ني ني بان، اگر سوالي داريد حتما واضح، فارسی و خلاصه به صورت دايرکت مطرح کنید. 👌🏻اگر دوست دارید سوال شما توسط "متخصصان" هم پاسخ داده شود، به آدرس زیر مراجعه کنید و سوالتان را ثبت کنید:
moshavere.niniban.com 14 ♡ 1 ✍